(v.) Annual trimming of grapevines from the previous years’ harvest. Occurs in late winter when vines are dormant.


(n.) Microscopic aphid-like insects that live on and eat the roots of grapevines. An epidemic that nearly destroyed French vineyards in the late 1800s.


(n.) The aromas or smell of a wine, which influence its flavor. In mature or complex wines, it may be referred to as the “bouquet.”


(adj.) This is a fairly ambiguous term used to describe smells and flavors that remind you of the sea (think crunchy sea salt or oysters), the sidewalk after it rains, or even chalk.

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